Recently I came across some very well quoted lines ,”The skin is one of the main organs for human beings, especially because it is protective and allows interpersonal interactions, being characterized, then, as mediator between one and the world as well as one’s peers. Thus, the skin represents the main connecting channel between subject and world, if not the main one,certainly the first one .”

People are often judged and ostracised by their external appearance , their skin colour,

We often come across people having white blotches on their skin. Today we will talk about such patients with white blotches or Leucoderma also called as vitiligo .

Although it is not a condition that is contagious, people with vitiligo often face ostracism from those around them, including family and friends.

Recently, importance of emotional and psychological issues has been raised. Therefore, vitiligo could be considered as a psychosomatic disorder, which means physical and psychological factors concomitantly are involved in appearance, progression, relapse and remission of vitiligo .

Vitiligo imposes a large burden on patients’ lives, and many patients suffer from shame and embarrassment , low self-confidence, and social isolation.

Wrong social beliefs exacerbate the problems of vitiligo patients. As in women, vitiligo may end in divorce and some people believe it is God’s punishment for the sins.

In south Asia, and in India, in particular, vitiligo was once confused with the infectious disease leprosy, which is endemic in the region. Even today, India’s culture of arranged marriage still ostracizes those who have vitiligo; not only those with the disease but also their siblings can be eliminated as marriage prospects.

vitiligo, for being asymptomatic , is still considered by part of the medical community as something that brings no downside to the patients , disregarding several emotional factors that are intertwined with the process of falling ill ,as told by the patients .

Thus we reiterate the importance of psychodermatology as a field of knowledge and professional practice to better exploration ,aiming a therapeutic approach that takes into account the biological ,psychological and social aspects for the patient with vitiligo ,acknowledging them as whole individual .

Let’s talk about vitiligo in detail


Vitiligo occurs when pigment producing cells which are the melanocytes die or stop producing melanin –(which is the pigment that gives your skin , hair and eyes colour)

Vitiligo is generally considered to be an autoimmune disorder. Autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues and organs . In people with vitiligo the immune system appears to attack the pigment cells (melanocytes) in the skin About 15 to 25 percent of people with vitiligo are also affected by at least one other autoimmune disorder, particularly autoimmune thyroid disease (Hashimoto’s Thyroid disease) , Rheumatoid arthritis , Type 1 diabetes , psoriasis , pernicious anaemia ,Addison disease , or systemic lupus erythematosus.

Leucoderma is a photosensitive skin condition where the areas that are affected are more sensitive to sunlight.

In some people , physical trauma or stress to the skin like a sunburn or exposure to industrial chemicals seems to trigger vitiligo , or at least precedes it.

Vitiligo can appear exactly on the sites where there has been some kind of injury ,the reason for the same is not known .

There are mainly 2 types of vitiligo which are:

Non-Segmental Vitiligo

In this type of vitiligo you can observe that the white patches are symmetrical. The patches appear equally on all sides of the body which are exposed to sun. They generally appear on the hands, neck, face, mouth, elbows, knees, armpits, and eyes.

Non segmental vitiligo is the most common type , accounting for upto 90% of cases. The patches often appear equally on both sides of the body , with some measure of symmetry . They often appear on skin that is commonly exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck and hands.

Common areas include:-

• back of the hands

• arms

• eyes

• knees

• elbows

• feet

• Mouth

• armpit and groin

• nose

• navel

genitals and rectal area

Non segmental vitiligo is further broken down into sub categories:-

• Generalised – There is no specific area or size of patches . This is the most common type.

• Acrofacial– This occurs mostly on the fingers or toes.

• Mucosal – This appears mostly around the mucous membranes and lips.

•Universal: Depigmentation covers most of the body. This is very rare.

•Focal: One, or a few, scattered white patches develop in a discrete area. It most often occurs in young children.

Segmental Vitiligo

Segmental vitiligo spreads more rapidly but is considered more constant and stable and less erratic than the non-segmental type. It is much less common and affects only about 10 percent of people with vitiligo. It is non-symetrical.

It is more noticeable in early age groups, affecting about 30 percent of children diagnosed with vitiligo.

Segmental vitiligo usually affects areas of skin attached to nerves arising in the dorsal roots of the spine. It responds well to topical treatments.

Myths VS Facts

There are some common myths associated with vitiligo .

Myth 1: Vitiligo is an outcome of the wrong combination of foods, for instance, milk consumption shortly after eating fish can bring on the disorder.

Fact: Factually, vitiligo has no link with the diet. It is irrational to deprive patients of the sour foods like lemon, curd, tomatoes, and pickles in the hope of declining the possibility of the disease.

Myth 2: People with vitiligo disorder are lesser in their mental or physical proficiencies.

Fact: Vitiligo is limited entirely to the skin. It has no relationship with or does not influence or affect any other organs.

Myth 3: Vitiligo is a kind of leprosy and is communicable.

Fact: Vitiligo is in no way linked to leprosy. It is not infectious or contagious and, hence, cannot pass on from one person to another.

Myth 4: Vitiligo is connected to serious skin diseases, such as skin cancer and albinism.

Fact: There are transparent dissimilarities among each of these syndromes, not any of them are linked to Vitiligo

Myth 5: Vitiligo is untreatable

Fact:  Medications like steroids, Ultraviolet A, immunomodulator drugs and the newer narrowband Ultraviolet B are accessible, along with several surgical options and alternative treatments.


If your dermatologist suspects that you have vitiligo, your dermatologist will:

• Review your medical history, and may ask specific questions, such as whether anyone in your family has vitiligo also the doctor will inquire about medical history and try to rule out other medical skin-related conditions like psoriasis and dermetitis

. The doctor will use ultraviolet light on the affected areas to determine if its vitiligo.

• Perform a physical exam, looking carefully at the affected skin

You also may need a small biopsy of the affected area and blood samples are taken to look for autoimmune disorders. People who have vitiligo often have thyroid disease.

Blood test to check the homocysteine levels .Elevated homocysteine in vitiligo patients may be a precipitating factor in the development of vitiligo. One study showed that patients with active vitiligo had significantly higher homocysteine levels than those with stable vitiligo, which would also indicate a B12, B6, and folate deficiency.Homocysteine metabolism depends on folic acid and vitamin B12, both of which are lowered in patients with vitiligo. Elevated serum homocysteine levels are found in extensive vitiligo and may represent a severity marker.


Usually pale and white spots, patchy areas of depigmented skin appear. This is generally found in those body parts that face sun exposure. It usually occurs on hands, wrist and facial areas. If a white pigmentation already exists on your skin & you get hurt all of a sudden thereby developing similar white patches on the skin, then you should immediately visit a doctor. 

Remember that the patches are painless and it does not even cause any sensation of itching. But, with the sun’s exposure, it may cause irritation and even sometimes a burning sensation.  

Lifestyle related restrictions:

•  A tight fitting dress or undergarment which leaves marks on skin, elastic must not be used as it can disturb the blood circulation over that particular area.

• Itching, scratching over skin should also be avoided. Vitiligo patients should refrain themselves from any accident or injury as much as possible ,as injury may develop into a new white spot.

• Rubber and plastic wear should be avoided in regular use.

• Synthetic or plastic artificial ornaments, Bindi or any stickers which sticks with an adhesive over skin should be completely avoided.

• Playing in direct sun in afternoon (between 11 a.m. to 4 p.m) should be restricted.

Swimming in pools should not be done in Vitiligo & Leucoderma.

Some Food Restriction Tips for Vitiligo patients:

 1-It has been seen that Turmeric slows down pigmentation rate & responsible for depigmentation and is good for fairness. So, turmeric application & raw intake has to be avoided in Vitiligo. Moreover it’s a great antiseptic.

 2- Beetroot & Carrots actually helps in pigmentation. These can be helpful in faster pigmentation.

 3-Almost 70% of Vitiligo patients suffer from Vitamin D3 and Vit B12 deficiency. Taking Vitamin D3 and B12 supplement helps in control of spots.

 4-Omega 3 capsules and diet should be completely restricted in Vitiligo as Omega 3 triggers Vitiligo spots.

 5-Soda bi carbonate found in aerated drinks are found to be triggering Vitiligo and should not be taken.

 6-Copper glassful water helps in pigment deposition over skin. It is helpful and should be taken daily at least one glassful.

 7- Figs & Dates are copper rich and are helpful in pigmentation so these are recommended in Vitiligo.


Many treatments are available to help restore skin color or even out skin tone. Results vary and are unpredictable. Some treatments have serious side effects. So your doctor may suggest that you first try improving the appearance of your skin by applying self-tanning products or makeup.

If you and your doctor decide to treat your condition with a drug, surgery or therapy, the process may take many months to judge its effectiveness. And you may have to try more than one approach or a combination of approaches before you find the treatment that works best for you.


Topical applications

Creams that control inflammation-• Applying a corticosteroid cream to affected skin may help return color, particularly if you start using it early in the disease. You may not see a change in your skin’s color for several months.
This type of cream is effective and easy to use. But it can cause side effects, such as skin thinning or the appearance of streaks or lines on your skin.
Milder forms of the drug may be prescribed for children and for people who have large areas of discolored skin.

Medications that affect the immune system

Ointments containing tacrolimus or pimecrolimus (calcineurin inhibitors) may be effective for people with small areas of depigmentation, especially on the face and neck.
This treatment may have fewer side effects than corticosteroids and can be used with ultraviolet B (UVB) light. However, the Food and Drug Administration has warned about a possible link between these drugs and lymphoma and skin cancer.


Combining psoralen and light therapy. This treatment combines a plant-derived substance called psoralen with light therapy (photochemotherapy) to return color to the light patches. After you take psoralen by mouth or apply it to the affected skin, you’re exposed to ultraviolet A (UVA), UVB light or excimer light. These approaches tend to have better results than just medication or just light. You may need to repeat treatments up to three times a week for six to 12 months.

Removing the remaining color (depigmentation)

This therapy may be an option if your vitiligo is widespread and other treatments haven’t worked. A depigmenting agent is applied to unaffected areas of skin. This gradually lightens it so that it blends with the discolored areas. The therapy is done once or twice a day for nine months or longer.
Side effects can include redness, swelling, itching and dry skin. Depigmentation is permanent, and you’ll always be extremely sensitive to sunlight.


Surgery may be an option for you if light therapy doesn’t work. Surgery can also be used with those therapies. The goal of the following techniques is to even out your skin tone by restoring color.

Skin grafting , blister grafting, are other options

Potential future treatments

Treatments being studied include:

A drug to stimulate color-producing cells (melanocytes). Called afamelanotide, this potential treatment is implanted under the skin to promote the growth of melanocytes.

A drug that helps control melanoctyes. Prostaglandin E2 is being tested as a way to restore skin color in people with localized vitiligo that isn’t spreading. It’s applied to the skin as a gel.

A drug that reverses loss of color. Tofacitinib, an oral drug typically used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, has shown some potential as a treatment for vitiligo.

Lifestyle and home remedies

The following self-care tactics may help you care for your skin and improve its appearance:

Protect your skin from the sun and artificial sources of UV light –use a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. Don’t use tanning beds and sunlamps.

Conceal affected skin–

Concealing products may improve the appearance of the skin and help you feel better about yourself, especially if your vitiligo patches are on exposed skin.

Don’t get a tattoo– It is seen that some vitiligo patients opt for totooing .

Avoid tattooing that’s not related to treating your vitiligo. Damage to your skin, such as that caused by a tattoo, may cause a new patch of vitiligo to appear within two weeks.

Homeopathic Treatment

The conventional mode of treatment believes that the treatment for vitiligo may improve the appearance of the affected skin but does not cure the disease. Nevertheless, Homeopathy offers an excellent treatment in most of the cases of vitiligo; if not all. As the disease is chronic and long-standing in nature, it takes time to obtain results. Exact time cannot be predicted.With the homeopathic mode of treatment early and milder cases of vitiligo can be treated with excellent success, moderate and spreading cases can expect partial color formation with good control, while rapidly spreading cases may be controlled significantly. It may be noted that good control over the spread is also considered a success in extensive cases.

The homeopathic treatment for vitiligo is addressed to enhance the melanocyte formation by stimulating the natural process called melanogenesis. It also controls the spread of Vitiligo by attempting to correct the immune system.

There are many remedies in homeopathy indicated in the treatment of vitiligo but exact medicines are selected on the basis of an individual case history and symptoms. Few of the best remedies indicated in the treatment of Vitiligo are:


It is a popular remedy for those vitiligo patients who are sensitive to cold wind (breeze, air-conditioners, winter); who tend to sweat on palms and soles; have typically offensive foot-sweat; have lean-thin physical body structure, and may additionally have a tendency to have easy pus formation after injury.

It is useful in treating nutritional deficiencies, it regulates the immune system and treats skin and bone diseases. Silicea helps in the correction of nutritional and immunological imbalance and hence useful in the treatment of vitiligo. It helps in absorption and retention essential nutrients in the body. Silicea can prevent further depigmentation of the skin by arresting the progressive destruction of melanocytes.

Kali carbonicum

Kali carb is used for treating autoimmune disorders such as vitiligo, hypothyroidism and hair loss .kali carbonicum is effective for treating diseases in people whose constitutional states include mental anxiety and stress hence it is used for the treatment of the effects of stress on the body.


Syphilinum belongs to a group of homeopathic remedies called nosodes. Nosodes are obtained from diseased tissues. In the case of Syphilinum, the tissue used is afflicted with the syphilitic virus. However, in the homeopathic remedy, the virus has been removed and its toxins diluted to non-virulent levels by the process of potentization.

It’s a useful drug to combat diseases that are destructive in nature and are deep-seated. Its effects can be seen in many organs and it is a common remedy for diseases such as vitiligo, osteomyelitis, and rheumatism.

Nitric Acid

In vitiligo white spots are found at the muco-cutaneus junction. More at the angle of the mouth, eyes, nose, nipples, glans penis, vulva, etc. Along with it, there may be fissure at the same spot. In some of the patients along with this, there is a desire for eating chalk, pencils, etc., particularly in children.

Arsenicum Sulfuratum Flavum

This is one of the most commonly used, over the counter remedies used for the treatment of vitiligo in homeopathy .A deep acting drug which has been known to give good results in the treatment of vitiligo.

It is indicated in vitiligo cases where discoloration of the skin in patches that are pale or white in color. It is also a good remedy for moist eczema with intense itching with corrosive discharge.Tremendous anxiety comes on during evening .


Homeopathy believes that the genetic predisposition or inherent susceptibility is usually the root cause of a wide range of diseases and Carcinosin in one such remedy which is used to combat these genetic tendencies effectively. Carcinosin works wonderfully in patients with family history of genetic disorders or cancer.

Other remedies are

Thuja , Kali brom , Drosera

Along with these medicines patient can use Bouchi oil (U can get this oil in a Homeopathic pharmacy) for local application .

pls note :-The treatments and medicines mentioned above should be taken only after consulting registered medical practitioners or health care provider .Self medications may aggravate or worsen the condition .

For consultations and queries contact us at

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In my previous blog we discussed about Hyperthyroidism .Today we will talk about Hypothyroidism .

Where Hyperthyroidism is overproduction of Thyroid harmones,Hypothyroidism is a condition due to underproduction of Thyroid harmones.

Let’s discuss about Hypothyroidism .

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid harmone .

Since the main purpose of Thyroid harmone is to run the body’s metabolism , The people with this condition will have symptoms associated with slow metabolism .

Hypothyroidism is more common than you would believe . There are millions of people who are hypothyroid and are unaware of it.

Women are much more likely to develop hypothyroidism as compared to men. The disease is also more common among people older than age 60 or more .


There are fairly two common causes of hypothyroidism . 

  • The first is a result of previous (or ongoing ) inflammation of the thyroid gland which damages a large percentage of the cells of thyroid gland and leaves it incapable of producing sufficient thyroid harmone .
  • The most common cause of thyroid gland failure is called Autoimmune Thyroiditis .which is also called as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis .
  • Hashimoto ‘s Thyroiditis is a form of thyroid inflammation caused by the patient’s own immune system .It is an autoimmune disorder. With this disease,your immune system attacks the thyroid.The thyroid becomes inflamed and can’t make enough Thyroid harmones .
  • The second major cause is the broad category of medical treatments.The treatment of many thyroid conditions warrants surgical removal of a portion or all of the thyroid gland . 
  • When a part of Thyroid is surgically removed, the remaining part may produce normal amounts of thyroid harmone , but some patients who have underwent this surgery develop hypothyroidism .Removal of entire gland always results in hypothyroidism . 
  • Thyroidectomy which is removal of part or whole thyroid gland is done as a treatment for hyperthyroidism.
  • Throidectomy is done as a treatment of
    • Hyperthyroidism 
      A large goitre
      Thyroid nodules ,which are non cancerous tumors or lumps in the thyroid that can produce too much thyroid harmone .
      Thyroid cancer
  • Signs and symptoms 
  • General signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism are 
    • Fatigue 
      Weight gain or difficulty losing weight 
      Slow pulse rate 
      Enlarged thyroid gland (Goitre) 
      Coarse ,dry ,thin hair 
      Dry ,rough ,pale skin 
      Hair loss 
      Cold intolerance 
      Muscle cramps and aches 
      Memory loss
      Abnormal mentrual cycles
      Decreased libido
  • Congenital Hypothyroidism 
  • Some babies are born with a thyroid that is not fully developed or does not function properly .If untreated congenital hypothyroidism can lead to intellectual disability and growth failure .Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary to prevent these problems. 
  • Hypothyroidism in infants 
  • Although middle aged and older women are more after affected by hypothyroidism ,anyone can develop the condition ,including infants .
  • When new borns do have hypothyroidisms ,the signs and symptoms include 
    • Yellowishness of skin and conjunctiva (white) of eyes.(jaundice)
      A large protruding tongue 
      Difficulty in breathing 
      Hoarse crying 
      Umbilical hernia 
      Poor muscle tone 
      Excessive sleepiness 
  • As the disease progresses the ,infants are likely to have trouble feeding and may fail to grow and develop normally. 
  • When hypothyroidism in infants is not treated ,even mild cases may lead to severe physical and mental retardation. 
  • Hypothyroidism in children and Teens 
  • In general children and teens ,who develop hypothyroidism ,have same signs and symptoms as adults but they may also experience 
    • Poor growth resulting in short stature 
      Delayed dentition 
      Delayed puberty 
      Poor mental development . 
  • Hypothyroidism during pregnancy
  • Untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy can affect both mother and the baby . However thyroid medicine can help prevent problems and are safe to take during pregnancy .
  • Diagnosis 

    Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low level of thyroxine and high level of TSH indicate an underactive thyroid. That’s because your pituitary produces more TSH in an effort to stimulate your thyroid gland into producing more thyroid hormone.

    Thyroid disorder are diagnosed much earlier even before you develop symptoms is by TSH test . Because the TSH test is the best screening test. TSH tests also play an important role in managing hypothyroidism.

    TSH tests are used to help diagnose a condition called subclinical hypothyroidism, which usually causes no outward signs or symptoms. In this condition, you have normal blood levels of triiodothyronine and thyroxine, but higher than normal levels of TSH.

  • Foods to eat
  • There are plenty of food options for people with hypothyroidism, including the following:
    • Eggs-Whole eggs are best, as much of the iodine and selenium are found in the yolk, while the whites are full of protein.
    • Meat –All meats, including lamb, beef, chicken, etc.
      Fish -All seafood, including salmon, tuna, halibut, shrimp, etc.
    • Vegetables –All vegetables are fine to eat. Cruciferous vegetables are fine to eat in moderate amounts, especially when cooked.
    • Fruits –All other fruits including berries, bananas, oranges, tomatoes, etc.
    • Gluten-free grains and seeds – Rice, buckwheat, quinoa, chia seeds and flaxseed.
    • Dairy-All dairy products including milk, cheese, yogurt, etc.
    • Beverages –Water and other non-caffeinated beverages 
  • Foods to Avoid
  • Fortunately, there aren’t many foods that you need to avoid if you have hypothyroidism.

    You should also avoid eating highly processed foods, as they usually contain more calories.Foods that should be completely avoided are 

    Millets,Highly processed foods ,  Selenium and iodine supplements should be avoided unless prescribed by your doctor.

    Here is a list of foods you can eat in moderation. These foods have goitrogens or are known irritants if consumed in large amounts.

    • Food that contain gluten- Bread, pasta, cereals, beer, etc.
    • Soy food-Tofu, edamame beans, soy milk, etc. 
    • Cruceferous vegetables –Broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc.
    • Certain fruits –Peaches, pears and strawberries.
    • Certain beverages –Coffee, green tea and alcohol — these beverages may irritate your thyroid gland . 

    If you have celiac disease because of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or feel uncomfortable eating foods that contain gluten, then you should avoid gluten completely.


    Standard treatment for hypothyroidism involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid 

    hormone levothyroxine (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism.

    Treatment with levothyroxine will likely be lifelong, but because the dosage you need may change, your doctor is likely to check your TSH level every year.

    Homeopathic Treatment 

    Homeopathic remedies when rightly selected after detailed history and evaluation can try and stimulate your thyroid gland to start producing adequate hormones. This process has to be done by a experienced homeopath in consent with the treating physician so that the thyroxin dose can be reduced gradually and then completely stopped.

    Some of the Homeopathic medicines for hypothyroidism are 

    • Calcarea Carbonica
    • Sepia Officinalis
    • Lycopodium Clavatum
    • Graphites
    • Nux Vomica
    • Iodum treats hypothyroidism. The person is emaciated
    • Thymusinum – treatment of stunted conditions in children
    • Bromum treats goiter
    • Lapis albus treats hyperthyroidism and goiter
    • Natrum muriaticum treats an under active gland
  • Pls note – The treatments and medicines mentioned above should be taken only after consulting registered medical practitioner or health care provider . Self medication may aggravate or worsen the condition .
  • For consultation and queries contact us at


    Thyroid Gland

    The small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the throat is responsible for making hormones that regulate metabolism.


    Hyperthyroidism is where there is over-production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.

    The thyroid gland makes the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) that play an important role in the way your whole body functions. If your thyroid gland makes too much T4 and T3, this is defined as hyperthyroidism. 

    Hyperthyroidism can accelerate your body’s metabolism (the way your body uses energy), breathing, heart rate, nervous system, weight, body temperature, and many other functions in the body.


    refers to an abnormal and excessive quantity of thyroid hormone in the body.

    Primary Hyperthyroidism 

    is due to thyroid pathology. It is the thyroid itself that is behaving abnormally and producing excessive thyroid hormone.

    Secondary hyperthyroidism

     is the condition where the thyroid is producing excessive thyroid hormone as a result of overstimulation by thyroid stimulating hormone. The pathology is in the hypothalamus or pituitary.

     Causes of Hyperthyroidism

    The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is the autoimmune disorder Graves’ disease. In this disorder, the body makes an antibody (a protein produced by the body to protect against a virus or bacteria) called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that causes the thyroid gland to make too much thyroid hormone. Graves’ disease runs in families and is more commonly found in women.

    Hyperthyroidism also may be caused by a toxic nodular or multinodular goiter, which are lumps or nodules in the thyroid gland that cause the thyroid to produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. In addition, inflammation of the thyroid gland—called thyroiditis—resulting from a virus or a problem with the immune system may temporarily cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Furthermore, some people who consume too much iodine (either from foods or supplements) or who take medications containing iodine (such as amiodarone) may cause the thyroid gland to overproduce thyroid hormones.

    Finally, some women may develop hyperthyroidism during pregnancy or in the first year after giving birth. 


    Hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which can make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose. Increased secretions of thyroid harmones can produce myraid of symptoms that vary from patient to patient and with the age of the patient.

    signs and symptoms

    • Unintentional weight loss, even when your appetite and food intake stay the same or increase

    • Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute

    • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

    • Pounding of your heart (palpitations)

    • Increased appetite

    • Nervousness, anxiety and irritability

    • Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers

    • Sweating

    • Changes in menstrual patterns

    • Increased sensitivity to heat

    • Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements

    • An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck

    • Fatigue, muscle weakness

    • Difficulty sleeping

    • Skin thinning

    • Fine, brittle hair

    Older adults are more likely to have either no signs or symptoms or subtle ones, such as an increased heart rate, heat intolerance and a tendency to become tired during ordinary activities.

    Graves Opthalmopathy

    Sometimes an uncommon problem called Graves’ ophthalmopathy may affect your eyes, especially if you smoke.

    Signs and symptoms of Graves’ ophthalmopathy include:

    • Dry eyes

    • Red or swollen eyes

    • Excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes

    • Light sensitivity, blurry or double vision, inflammation, or reduced eye movement

    • Protruding eyeballs


    Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed using:

    • Medical history and physical exam. During the exam your doctor may try to detect a slight tremor in your fingers when they’re extended, overactive reflexes, eye changes and warm, moist skin. Your doctor will also examine your thyroid gland as you swallow to see if it’s enlarged, bumpy or tender and check your pulse to see if it’s rapid or irregular.

    • Blood tests. Blood tests that measure thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) can confirm the diagnosis. High levels of thyroxine and low or nonexistent amounts of TSH indicate an overactive thyroid. The amount of TSH is important because it’s the hormone that signals your thyroid gland to produce more thyroxine.

    • If the blood tests indicate that you have a hyperactive Thyroid your Doctor may recommend one of the following tests to determine the cause of the overactive thyroid

    Radioiodine uptake test.

    For this test, you take a small, oral dose of radioactive iodine (radioiodine) to see how much will collect in your thyroid gland. You’ll be checked after four, six or 24 hours — and sometimes after all three time periods — to see how much iodine your thyroid has absorbed.

    A high uptake of radioiodine indicates your thyroid gland is producing too much thyroxine. The most likely cause is either Graves’ disease or hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules. If you have hyperthyroidism and your radioiodine uptake is low, this indicates that the thyroxine stored in the gland is leaking into the bloodstream, which may mean you have thyroiditis

    • Thyroid scan. During this test, you’ll have a radioactive isotope injected into the vein on the inside of your elbow or sometimes into a vein in your hand. You then lie on a table with your head stretched backward while a special camera produces an image of your thyroid gland on a computer screen. This test shows how iodine collects in your thyroid.

    • Thyroid ultrasound

    Ultrasound may be better at detecting thyroid nodules than other tests, and there’s no exposure to any radiation.

    Foods to avoid

    Excess Iodine

    Eating too many iodine-rich or iodine-fortified foods may lead to hyper thyroidism or worsen it in some cases.

    A teaspoon of iodized salt gives you 284 micrograms of iodine. Seafood has the most iodine. Just 1 gram of seaweed contains 2 milligrams of iodine. The recommend dose of iodine is about 1.1 milligrams per day. A low-iodine diet requires even less.

    Avoid the following seafood and seafood additives:

    • fish

    • seaweed

    • prawns

    • crabs

    • lobster

    • sushi

    • carrageen

    • agar-agar

    • algae

    • alginate

    • nori

    • kelp

    Avoid other foods high in iodine such as:

    • milk and dairy

    • cheese

    • egg yolks

    • iodized salt

    • iodized water

    • some food colorings

    Some medications also contain iodine. These include:

    • amiodarone

    • cough syrups

    • medical contrast dyes

    • herbal or vitamin supplements


    Chemicals called nitrates may cause your thyroid to absorb too much iodine. This can lead to an enlarged thyroid and hyperthyroidism.

    Nitrates are found naturally in some foods. Processed foods may contain added nitrates. It may also be found in drinking water. Avoid or limit foods such as:

    • processed meats (sausage, bacon, salami, pepperoni)

    • celery

    • lettuce

    • beets

    • spinach

    • parsley

    • leeks

    • endive

    • cabbage

    • fennel

    • dill

    • turnip

    • carrots

    • cucumber

    • pumpkin


    In some people, gluten may harm the thyroid by causing inflammation. Even if you don’t have a gluten allergy or intolerance, it may be beneficial to restrict or limit gluten. Check food labels for gluten-containing ingredients such as:

    • wheat

    • barley

    • brewer’s yeast

    • malt

    • rye

    • triticale


    While soy doesn’t contain iodine, it’s been shown to interfere with some treatments for hyperthyroidism in animals. Avoid or limit foods with soy such as:

    • soy milk

    • soy sauce

    • tofu

    • soy-based creamers

    Foods to Eat

    Low Iodine Food

    The mineral iodine plays a key role in making thyroid hormones. A low-iodine diet helps to reduce thyroid hormones. Add these foods to your daily diet:

    Non Iodine salt

    • coffee or tea (without milk or dairy- or soy-based creamers)
    • egg whites
    • fresh or canned fruit
    • unsalted nuts and nut butters
    • homemade bread or breads made without salt, dairy, and eggs
    • popcorn with non-iodized salt
    • oats
    • potatoes
    • Honey
    • Maple syrup

    Cruciferous vegetables

     Cruciferous vegetables and other types may stop your thyroid from using iodine properly. They may be beneficial for hyperthyroidism:

    • bamboo shoots
    • bok choy
    • broccoli
    • Brussels sprouts
    • cassava
    • cauliflower
    • collard greens
    • kale
    • mustard
    • rutabaga

    Vitamins and Minerals

    Several nutrients are essential for thyroid health and to balance thyroid hormone production.


    Iron is important for many vital bodily functions, including thyroid health. This mineral is needed for blood cells to carry oxygen to every cell in your body. Low levels of iron are linked to hyperthyroidism . Get plenty of iron in your diet with foods such as:

    • dried beans 
    • green leafy vegetables
    • lentils
    • nuts
    • poultry, such as chicken and turkey
    • red meat
    • seeds
    • whole grains


    Selenium-rich foods may help to balance thyroid hormone levels and protect your thyroid from disease .Selenium helps to prevent cell damage and keep your thyroid and other tissues healthy.

    Good food sources of selenium include:


    • Brazil nuts
    • mushrooms
    • tea
    • meat, such as beef and lamb
    • rice
    • Oats
    • poultry, such as chicken and turkey
    • Sunflower seeds


    Zinc helps you use food for energy. This mineral also keeps your immune system and thyroid healthy. Food sources of zinc include:

    • beef
    • chickpeas
    • Cocoa powder
    • Cashew
    • mushrooms
    • Pumpkin seeds
    • lamb

    Calcium and Vit D

    Hyperthyroidism causes weak and brittle bones. Bone mass may be restored with treatment.Vitamin D and Calcium are necessary for building healthy bones.

    Calcium-rich foods include:

    • spinach
    • collard greens
    • white beans
    • kale
    • okra
    • calcium-fortified orange juice
    • Almond milk
    • calcium-fortified cereals

    Vitamin D is found in these low-iodine foods:

    • vitamin D-fortified orange juice
    • vitamin D-fortified cereals
    • beef liver
    • mushrooms
    • fatty fish

    Healthy fats

    Fats that are from whole foods and largely unprocessed may help reduce inflammation. This helps to protect thyroid health and balance thyroid hormones. Nondairy fats are important in a low-iodine diet. These include:

    • Flaxseed oil
    • Olive oil
    • Avacado oil
    • Coconut oil
    • Sunflower oil
    • Safflower oil
    • avocado
    • unsalted nuts and seeds


    Some spices and herbs have anti-inflammatory properties to help protect and balance thyroid function. Add flavor and a dose of antioxidants to your daily meals with:

    • Turmeric
    • green chilies
    • Black pepper


    Several treatments for hyperthyroidism exist. The best approach for you depends on your age, physical condition, the underlying cause of the hyperthyroidism, personal preference and the severity of your disorder. Possible treatments include:

    Anti thyroid Medications

    Antithyroid medications prevent the thyroid from producing excess amounts of T4 and T3 hormones.There are 2 types of antithyroid medications used in the US—propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole (also known as Tapazole) .These 2 medications target the thyroid gland directly to reduce T4 and T3 hormone production.

    Beta blockers

    Hyperthyroidism can cause a dangerous increase in heart rate in some patients. In these cases, your doctor may use beta blockers to reduce your heart rate. Beta blockers are not for everyone, though. If you have asthma or diabetes ,these medications may aggravate your condition.

    Radioactive Iodine:

    This oral medication is absorbed by your thyroid gland. Radioactive iodine works by gradually destroying the thyroid. This, in turn, reduces your hyperthyroid symptoms. This treatment is effective at permanently curing hyperthyroidism, and there are very little side effects on the rest of your body. Some may require a repeat of this treatment. But since you will no longer have a thyroid, you will need to take thyroid hormone replacement therapy to replenish the lack of thyroid hormones.


    The total or partial surgical removal of the thyroid is called a thyroidectomy. A thyroidectomy, when performed by an experienced surgeon, is a safe and effective treatment.

    Surgery tends to be recommended for certain types of hyperthyroidism. These include, for example, Graves’ disease with eye changes (exopthalmos) and larger and nodular thyroid goiters

    In choosing your treatment, make sure you understand and discuss all the risks, benefits, and side effects with your doctor.

    Homeopathic Treatment

    Hyperthyroidism being a constitutional disorder calls for an in – depth constitutional approach for its management .The science of Homeopathy is based on the concept that disease is a total affliction of body and may find its local expression at the level of certain organs. Hence homeopathy prescription takes into account presenting complaints along with physical, emotional and genetic makeup of a person that individualizes him/her. The remedy prescribed based on this entire totality treats the disorder at its root cause and thus restores the normal functioning of the body.

    Homeopathy helps in alleviating the symptoms associated with the condition. Moreover, homeopathy works at a deeper level to bring deviations of immunity back to normalcy and to restore the harmony of the body. It helps in controlling the symptoms while restoring the hormones level back to normal.It also helps to reduce the doses of conventional medication in the long run.. Extreme cases where the hyperactivity of thyroid gland has affected other vital organs, homeopathy has a limited role.

    Homeopathic Medicines


    Pls note:-

    Medications and Treatment mentioned in this blog are to be taken only after expert medical practitioner .Self drugging can aggravate or worsen your complaints .

    For any questions and queries and consultation

    Contact us on our website

    Kidney stones

    Let’s talk about a very painful and common health concern these days … kidneys stones

    If you have ever had or known someone that had kidney stones you may understand the excruciating pain associated with these monsters.

    The pain has been described as the worst, unbearable excruciating pain that you could ever feel. Some say “it has brought grown men to their knees, begging for relief .while some say ,”they have actually passed out from the horrible pain they bring.”

    If you’ve been lucky enough to never develop a kidney stone, understanding the signs and symptoms of one can help prevent pain, discomfort .

    What is a kidney stone?

    A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones are sometimes called renal calculi.

    The condition of having kidney stones is termed nephrolithiasis. Having stones at any location in the urinary tract is referred to as urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis is used to refer to as stones located in the ureter .

    kidney stones result when substances in the urine become highly concentrated.

    Types of kidney stones

    There are four major kinds of kidney stones, each with different causes and treatment .

    • Calcium stones: The most common kind of kidney stone, these develop when calcium in the urine combines with other substances like oxalate or phosphate to form crystals.

    Uric acid stones: When too much uric acid forms in the pee it can crystallize and combine with calcium to form a stone.

    • Struvite stones: The type likely to grow the largest, this type of kidney stone is made of a mineral called struvite, a combination of ammonium, magnesium, and phosphate.

    Cystine stones: This rare type of stone can form if someone has too much of amino acid called cystine.


    While anyone can produce kidney stones, certain people are more at risk for developing stones than others. A family history of stone disease, especially in first-degree relatives, puts you at a higher risk. Other risk factors are dehydration, diet, and obesity.

    There are common dietary causes, including low fluid intake and overconsumption of salt and animal products .


    •Pain in the side or back, which then spreads to the lower belly and groin (especially if it comes and goes in waves)

    • Blood in the urine

    • Nausea, vomiting, as well as fever and chills

    • The need to pee often or urgently .

    ▪ Painful and burning urination .


    Preventing kidney stones means preventing the condition that support their formation . Here’s how you can prevent these painful pebbles ,

    1. Stay well hydrated.

    Drink enough fluids (water is best) to make 2L or about 1/2 gallon of urine a day. Drink more water in the summer months when you’re apt to lose more water through sweat. Lemonade made with real lemons has citrate which can be good for the urinary system.

    2. Cut the salt.

    Limit the amount of sodium in your diet. The recommended daily allowance of sodium is 2,500 mg, yet the average American diet takes in about 5,000 mg of sodium a day. Don’t add salt to food and take the salt shaker off the table to avoid temptation. Limit eating out and processed foods which also contribute to higher sodium intake. Decreasing urinary sodium also decreases urinary calcium, which are leading culprits in kidney stone formation.

    3. Moderate calcium intake.If you have a history of stone formation, your doctor may recommend a moderate intake of calcium – about 800-1,200 mg a day. Calcium, however, is necessary in the diet; completely eliminating calcium is not advisable and can actually lead to more kidney stones.

    4. Cut the protein.

    Your doctor may also recommend that you cut down on your protein intake .


    There are no true warning signs for kidney stones.small stones usually pass unnoticed while large stones remain undetected until they become lodged in the ureter and the person complains of severe and sudden pain in the back or lower abdomen.

    Most kidney stones can be diagnosed by an X-Ray .A sonogram can also spot a stone.These images tells the site and size of the stone . Blood and urine test help detect any abnormal substance that might promote stone formation . Other test that might be suggested are CT Scan or special XRay test called intravenous pyelogram( IVP) .


    A serious bout of kidney stone if they happen periodically can be treated medically or with surgery. But surgery is considered as the last option .There are plenty of things you can do deal with a stone or to prevent a stone from happening in the first place , especially if you have tendency of producing them periodically .

    Home Remedies

    Before taking any home remedies it is a good idea to talk with the doctor,especially for people with pre-existing medical condition or who are on medications .

    Many antibiotics ,diuretics,blood pressure,cholesterol and liver medications can interact negatively with herbal remedies


    Drinking water is one of the easiest ways to prevent and treat kidney stones .Drinking 12 glasses per day may help ease the passage or slow the growth of deposits in kidneys.

    2:Lemon juice

    Lemon contains citrate , a compound that helps break down calcium deposits and slow their growth.Two 5- oz glasses ,the first on an empty stomach first thing in the morning and another a few hours before dinner , may help break down smaller stones .

    3: Basil

    Basil contains compounds known to help stabilize uric acid levels, making it harder for kidney stones to form. Also, basil contains acetic acid, a chemical known to help dissolve stones.

    One teaspoon of basil extract or pure juice per day may help prevent and treat kidney stones.

    4: Apple Cider Vinegar

    Apple cider vinegar again contains citric acid that may help dissolve calcium deposits.

    Two tablespoons of pure apple cider vinegar mixed with 8 oz of water may reduce the symptoms of kidney stones and prevent their development. This mixture can be drunk several times a day and may be most effective when consumed before meals.

    5- Wheat grass

    Wheatgrass contains compounds that increase urine production, allowing stones to pass more easily and reducing the risk of their formation.

    Wheatgrass also contains antioxidants which help rid the urinary tract of minerals and salts.

    Other home remedies are celery juice , pomegranate juice , dandelion extract

    Allopathic Treatment

    Management of renal colic is done by giving oral analgesics. If oral analgesics are insufficient to manage pain IV access is obtained to allow fluids, analgesics and antiemetic medications .Antibiotics are prescribed in case of infection .

    Active intervention for symptomatic or large urinary stones ranges from minimal invasive to more invasive techniques.

    These treatment options include

    1-Shock wave Lithotripsy

    An externally applied acoustic pulse is focused onto the stone to break it into tiny pieces which are later passed through urine .

    2-Laser LithotripsyA tiny scope is inserted into the urinary tract to locate the stone and laser energy is used to disintegrate it.

    3- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    A small tunnel is made from the skin into the kidney to locate the stone ,before fragmentation and removal of the stone .

    4- Laproscopic key hole surgery

    Small key hole incisions are made onto abdomen to enter the urinary system and remove the stone .

    It is commonly recognized that “a stone is not necessarily the disease” but rather a “symptom” of an underlying abnormality (eg- hyperuricosuria, hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, etc.). Therefore, even if the initial stone is spontaneously expelled or surgically removed, it does not make the underlying abnormality go away. It is for this reason that risk of stone recurrence after an initial episode of nephrolithiasis is extremely high.Hence Post treatment patient will have to take dietary precautions or medications to prevent recurrence of kidney stones .

    Homoeopathic Treatment

    Berberis Vulgaris

    Indicated in left sided renal calculi .A characteristic sensation is the bubbling sensation that is aggravated by stepping or any other movement. The pain extends from the back to the urinary bladder or the urethra.


    Indicated in patients with renal stones having burning and cutting pain in urethra . characteristic symptom of this remedy is the frequent urge to urinate where urine is passed drop by drop with intense burning.Haematuria( blood in urine) may be present.


    Indicated in Right sided kidney stones. The pain worsens before urination. Urine is scanty. The kidney pain subsides after passing urine. Red sediments may appear in urine. In some cases, the urine may be purulent, turbid, or pale.


    Indicated in case of right sided kidney stone with excessive burning at the close of urination.. Urine passed is scanty. Urine may contain slimy or sandy particles.

    Pareira Brava

    Indicated especially in cases where pain from the kidney radiates down the thigh. In some cases, the pain may radiate down to the feet from the kidney region. There is also a constant urge to urinate. Urine is passed with marked pain. In men, pain may also be felt in glans penis while urinating. Red sand or stingy mucus may be observed in the urine.


    Pls note -The treatment for these conditions is always based upon the constitution of the patient and the medicines vary for each patient, depending upon the particular symptoms. The remedies mentioned here should be taken only after consulting a homoeopath or health care professional .


    Endometriosis  is the name given to the condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the womb (uterus) are found elsewhere in the body.In endometriosis, cells like the ones in the lining of the womb grow elsewhere in the body. These cells react to the menstrual cycle each month and also bleed. However, there is no way for this blood to leave the body. This can cause inflammation, pain and the formation of scar tissue.

    Each month these cells react in the same way to those in the womb, building up and then breaking down and bleeding. Unlike the cells in the womb that leave the body as a period, this blood has no way to escape.

    If the endometrium grows within the muscular layer of the womb it is called adenomyosis, which is just a different type of endometriosis.

    The commonest areas to be affected are:

    The ovaries where cysts might appear; these are called chocolate cysts because they contain brown material (old blood).
    The area behind the womb and in front of the rectum (large bowel). This space is called the Pouch of Douglas and endometriosis here often causes deep pain and painful intercourse (dyspareunia).

    Less common sites include the bowel itself, the bladder and sites outside the pelvis including the navel (belly button) or operation scars.


    1. One popular theory focuses on a potential process known as retrograde menstruation. Retrograde menstruation can be thought of as backward flow during a period.

    2.Another theory, also known as coelomic metaplasia, suggests that a layer of cells surrounding the ovaries and other cells within the pelvic region are able to change into endometrial cells that are much the same as normal endometrial tissue. It is not certain what causes this development, but evidence suggests irritation by retrograde menstrual flow or infections may be the culprit.

    3.Transfer of endometrial tissues by a surgical procedure might be the cause for endometriosis implants seen in surgical scars (for example, episiotomy or cesarean section scars).

    4.Some studies have shown alternations in the immune response in women with endometriosis, suggesting that abnormalities in the immune system may play a role in the development of the condition.

    Endometriosis can have a significant impact on a woman’s life in a number of ways, including:

    • Chronic pain
    • Fatigue/lack of energy
    • Depression/isolation
    • Problems with a couple’s sex life/relationships
    • Inability to conceive 


    Scans, blood tests and internal examinations are not a conclusive way to diagnose endometriosis and a normal scan, blood test and internal examination does not mean that you do not have endometriosis.

    The only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis is by a laparoscopy 

    Because endometriosis manifests itself in a variety of ways and shares symptoms with other conditions, diagnosis can be difficult and often delayed.


    • Eliminate potential food allergens, including dairy, wheat (gluten), corn, soyvegetables (such as kale, spinach, and bell pepper).
    • Avoid refined foods, such as white breads, pastas, and sugar.
    • Eat fewer red meats and more lean meats, cold water fish, tofu (soy, if no allergy), or beans for protein.
    • Use healthy cooking oils, such as olive oil or vegetable oil.
    • Reduce or eliminate trans fattyacids, found in commercially baked goods such as cookies, crackers, cakes, french fries, onion rings, donuts, processed foods, and margarine.
    • Avoid alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine, and limit foods that are high in sugar, salt, and fat. Avoid foods with additives such as monosodium glutamate (MSG).
    • Drink 6 – 8 glasses of filtered water daily.


    . The different treatments available for endometriosis aim to reduce the severity of symptoms and improve the quality of life for a woman living  with the condition

    Treatment options available to women with endometriosis are:

    • Surgery
    • Hormone treatment
    • Pain relief    

    Homoeopathic treatment 

    Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach

    According to the Materia Medica the following remedies in Endometriosis may be administered for the following conditions:

    Apis mellifica: Menstruation disorders; Soreness and stinging pains, ovaritis, worse in right ovary; Great tenderness over abdomen uterine region.

    Arsenicum album: Endometriosis; Menstruation disorders; Anxiety, exhaustion and restlessness; Catamenia (menstruation) too early and too copious attended by much suffering.

    Bryonia: Ovaritis; Menstrual irregularities with gastric symptoms; Inter-menstrual pain with great pelvic soreness; Irritable mind.

    Cimicifuga racemosa: Uterus disorders; Menses too profuse, dark, coagulated, scanty with backache, nervousness, irregular in time and amount, more flow, more pain; Pain across pelvis from hip to hip.

    Cinchona officinalis: Circulation; Menstruation; Menses too early, dark, profuse, clotted with abdominal distention; Painful induration in vagina.

    Conium maculatum: Menstruation disorders; Ovaritis; Cervicitis; Weakness of body and mind; Cutting pains in ovaries and uterus.

    Hamamelis virginiana: Uterus disorders; Menses dark, profuse with soreness in abdomen; Metrorrhagia (breakthrough bleeding or spotting) occurring midway between menstrual periods.

    Hydrastis canadensis: Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia (breakthrough bleeding) with fibroids; Uterus disorders; Vagina sore during sex, bleeding afterwards.

    Iodium: Uterus disorders; Great weakness during menses; Menstruation irregular; Wedge-like pain from ovary to uterus; Sterility.

    Lachesis : Uterine and ovarian pains, all relieved by the flow; Less the flow the more pain; Menstruation too scanty (blood black).

    Lilium tigrinum: Uterus disorders; Prolapse of uterus; Congestion of uterus; Menses, early, dark, clotted offensive; Bloating feeling in uterine region.

    Lycopodium clavatum: Menstruation disorders; Fibroma; Menses too late, last too long, too profuse; Coition painful; Catamenia suppressed readily, and for a long time, by fright; Chronic vaginal dryness; Miscarriage.

    Phosphorus: Menstruation disorders; Slight hemorrhage from uterus; Uterine polyps; Infertility; Tearing in genital organs, and stitches upward from vagina into uterus.

    Pulsatilla: Abnormal menstruation; Menses clotted, changeable, intermittent; Inflammation and prolapse of uterus.

    Rhus toxicodendron: Dysmenorrhea (painful period); Menorrhagia (excess bleeding); Uterine infection, septic; Violent pain in vulva with menstrual discharge; Pelvic articulations stiff when beginning to move.

    Sabina: Inter-menstrual flow; Excessive menstruation; Uterine hemorrhage, partly clotted, worse from least motion; Tendency to miscarriage; Shooting pain up the vagina.

    Secale cornutum: Contraction of blood vessels and uterus; Weak uterus or bearing down pain with coldness; Menses irregular, continuous oozing of water blood.

    Sepia: Menstruation disorders; Never well since puberty, childbirth after weaning or hormone pills; Weak uterus, bearing down sensation as if everything would escape through the vagina; Prolapsed bladder, uterus or vagina.

    The list of the remedies may be quite exhaustive .The formation of cyst in the ovary suggests the sycotic and spread to the inner lining of the uterus and to the other organs, the syphilitic nature of the disease. Therefore antimiasmatic drugs would also help 

    Pls note –The treatment for these conditions is always based upon the constitution of the patient and the medicines vary for each patient, depending upon the particular symptoms. The remedies mentioned here should be taken only after consulting a homoeopath or health care professional .

    Obesity & Homoeopathic treatment

    Obesity is one big health issue that is a reason for distress for people of all age groups . 

     There is no miracle cure for obesity ,though Homoeopathy has been successfully employed as a mode of treatment for many years now in Europe & South Asia .

     Homoeopathic treatment for losing weight is constitutional . It requires a detailed case history of the patient, which is evaluated for selection of suitable constitutional remedy .

    Homoeopathy attempts to correct digestive disorders improve metabolism and help in easy elimination –the three main pre requisites for reducing weight . 

    Unlike conventional medications that restrict the absorption of nutrients or induce a feeling of fullness , homoeopathic drugs treat the symptoms that cause weight gain . 

    There are no such homoeopathic supplements for weight loss neither is there any homoeopathic diet for weight loss. 

    One should always remember proper diet & excercise regime is needed along with the medication to achieve desired weight loss .In fact exercise and diet control along with homoeopathic medicine accentuate the weight loss .

    Homoeopathic medicine are not fat dissolving by nature . They work by stimulating your body’s metabolism to burn more fat .


    Obesity is  most commonly caused by combination of excessive food energy intake ,lack of physical activity ,and genetic susceptibility .

     Hypothyroidism ,Depression ,slow activity of intestines&sedentary life style . Women with polycyclic ovarian disease & those around menopausal age are prone to weight gain.

    Here are some of the commonly prescribed homoeopathic medicines .One should keep in mind that remedies are suited to each persons unique nature .If you have serious health concern or not sure which remedy suits you please seek the help of professional homoeopath for guidance .

    HOmoeopathic Remedies 

    Ignatia &Natrum mur -where depresssion has lead to obesity and excessive weight gain 

    Calcarea carb & Lycopodium for those who have gained excessive weight due to hypothyroidism 

    Alumina &Nux vomica for obesity when intestinal functioning could  be the reason 

    Graphites & sepia  for women who have gained excess weight around menopause 

    Calcarea carb , Natrum mur ,pulsatilla and sepia for obese women who suffer from poly cystic ovarian disease 

    Lycopodium &Natrum mur for obese person having excess fat in thigh and buttock area 

    Ammonium carb & Antimonium crudum for overweight person having excess fat in upper body as compared to legs that are thin 

    Antimonium crudum Baryta carb , & calcarea carb for weight loss in obese children

    Calcarea carb -for post pregnancy weight gain .

    Ficus  vesiculosus -reduces weight by speeding up process of burning up fat tissue .

    Phytollaca mother tincture -reduces weight by increasing metabolic rate 

    Losing weight is not about looking good but being healthy . Homoeopathy helps in doing so safely, surely ,& systematically so that the weight that comes off stays off .. 

    Hairfall in women

    There is nothing more attractive than a thick head of hair that glimmers with natural health. But hair loss is a problem that many people suffer from.

    Losing your crowning glory can be particularly difficult for women. But there are ways to cope.Hair loss especially if you’re young or at a vulnerable time in your life, can badly affect not only your confidence but also it effects your sensuality and how you perceive yourself. 

     hair fall has become a nagging problem nowadays.According to beauty experts, it is normal to lose about 100 strands of hair in a day. 

    Causes of Hairfall 

    1. Hereditary Factors

    . It is mainly a hereditary condition that is known as male-pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. Typically, the signs of this kind of hair loss may begin from the days of puberty. While hair thinning is the initial symptom, this may end with premature baldness within the 30’s.

    The gene can be inherited from either your mother’s or father’s side of the family, though you’re more likely to have it if both of your parents had hair loss.

    2.Hormonal Changes

    Hormonal changes in the body increase the sensitivity of hair follicles, weaken hair roots and cause the hair strands to fall. Menopause, Ovarian cyst, hypothyroid, hyperthyroid, etc. bring about changes in the hormonal balance. This eventually leads to hair loss.

    3.Physical /mental stress

    Persistent illness, drastic and excessive weight loss and extreme physical labor can cause the body to get dehydrated and exhausted. This can make the hair follicles undernourished and weak and cause rapid hair loss.

    Any kind of physical trauma—surgery, a car accident, or a severe illness, even the flu—can cause temporary hair loss. This can trigger a type of hair loss called telogen effluvium. Hair has a programmed life cycle: a growth phase, rest phase and shedding phase. When you have a really stressful event, it can shock the hair cycle, (pushing)more hair into shedding phase .   Hair loss often becomes noticeable three-to-six months after the trauma. 

    Stress can exacerbate genetic hair loss since the adrenal or stress glands secrete male hormones into the body.

    4.Pregnancy & child birth 

    Pregnancy is one example of the type of physical stress that can cause hair loss .Pregnancy-related hair loss is seen more commonly after your baby has been delivered rather than actually during pregnancy .This is because, during pregnancy, there is a peak in the hormone estrogen so you can expect a full head of hair. But once the baby is delivered, hormones go back to their normal phase which may result in hair falling out at once. But this is a temporary phase and hair growth returns to normal after a few weeks.

    5-protein deficiency 

    Our hair is made of a protein called keratin. When we do not eat protein-rich foods, it depletes from our body making the hair brittle. This leads to weak strands which fall prematurely.


    Women who are on birth control pills can have side-effects like hair fall if they abruptly stop using them. Other hormonal pills and therapies can have a similar effect. Chemotherapy sessions also result in hair loss.

    Other medicines like beta blockers used to control blood pressure , blood thinners,steroids and medication for typhoid, heart diseases, depression, etc. are known to be responsible for extreme hair fall, to the extent of causing baldness.

    7- Scalp Infection

    Fungal, bacterial and viral infections like seborrhea dermatitis, psoriasis, ringworm infection in the scalp can weaken the roots. This damages the hair follicles, thereby causing thinning, breakage and hair fall.

    8- Hairstyling

    Excessive shampooing, dyeing, stressful styling, applying chemical products, heat styling and using other hair treatment tools can damage and weaken the hair and thus cause hair fall.

    9-Crash Diets And Malnutrition

    Insufficient intake of nutrients and following an unhealthy and unbalanced diet can cause malnourishment in the body. This leads to dehydration of the scalp and hair, and can trigger excessive hair fall.

    How do we stop hairfall 

    • Look out for the cause of hairfall 
    • consult your Doctor to rule out a thyroid problem, iron deficiency anemia, or an excessive level of male hormones (common when you have polycystic ovarian syndrome or when estrogen levels drop off around menopause)
    • Look out for hair tonics/ supplements containing iron , folic acid , biotin 
    • Prenatal vitamins also help in reducing hairfall 

    Natural hair loss treatments

    Although you can’t change your genes, there are some things you can do to protect the hair you have. But think lifestyle changes will help you in getting back those luscious locks ! 

    Diet Dos:

    Eat a balanced diet ,  Make sure you’re eating plenty of leafy greens—such as spinach, kale, and chard—and beans, tofu, or lean cuts of red meat, which are all great sources of iron as well as biotin and zinc, two nutrients that may also play a role in hair growth.

    Scalp massage : “Use your fingertips and a bit of argan or coconut oil to rub in a circular motion for several minutes before you shampoo the theory is that massage temporarily increases circulation to the scalp, which may pump hair follicles with the nutrients needed for hair growth.

    Styling Tips  :The direction of your part can really help thinning hair..if you typically part your hair on the left, flip it to the right, so it’s more likely to stand away from your scalp and look more voluminous. 

    Avoid heat : In general, the less heat you use, the better. Styling with heat can damage the hair shaft,. Air-dry whenever possible, and if you must use heated tools, pick those with adjustable settings and keep them on the lowest level.  This won’t affect hair growth, but you’ll see less of the breakage that makes hair look even thinner.

    Brush with care : Used in conjunction with a blow-dryer, round metal brushes can heat up significantly, and some brushes with hard plastic or metal bristles can cause breakage. Instead, try a brush made of gentle boar bristles or flexible nylon. 
    Hair colour : Bleaching or significantly lightening your hair color all over can cause damage or breakage.

    Home Remedies :

    • Egg Mask: 

    egg ,honey ,& olive oil  is one of the potent hair conditioners for hair .oney is an amazing home remedy for hair growth that rejuvenates dry, damaged and brittle hair. Being a natural humectant, it attracts and stores moisture in the hair strands and the antioxidants and nutrients present in honey supply the hair follicles with the essential nutrients that promote hair growth. Olive oil is an important natural oil that encourages hair growth. Olive oil prevents the production of DTH hormone that causes narrowing of the follicle shafts. The antioxidant in the oil improves the health of the scalp and neutralizes the damage caused by styling products. It also fights dandruff, fungi and bacteria and keeps the scalp clean and healthy.

    • Curry Leaves and Coconut Oil

     It is one of the most effective herbs for grey hair that also aids in promoting hair growth. Boil some fresh curry leaves in coconut oil , cool and strain in a container . Apply twice a week to see the  difference .

    • Aloe Vera

    Aloe  vera is good to prevent hair loss. Applying natural aloe vera gel on scalp and hair is one of the best ways to prevent hair loss and promote hair growth. 

    • Indian Gooseberry (Amla)

    Regular application of amla directly on hair helps in strengthening the hair follicles, stimulates hair growth and prevents hair breakage and split ends. There are many magical properties of amla; it is filled with antioxidants and vitamin C. Amla is good for healthy hair growth and is also known for improving the pigmentation of the hair. Mix 2 teaspoons of amla juice with 2 teaspoons of lime juice. Apply this mixture on the scalp and leave it to dry for 2 hours. Rinse off with warm water.

    • Garlic 

    Garlic is one of the fast hair growth home remedies and is majorly known for controlling hair fall. It is also one of the most popular home remedies for scalp fungus. Boil 7 to 8 cloves of crushed garlic with olive oil and apply it to the roots of the hair -follicles. 

    • Onions

    Just like garlic, onions are also a powerful natural remedy for hair growth. Although the strong smell of onion makes it repulsive to many people, but you have to come to terms with it if you want to have long and gorgeous tresses. The sulphur present in onions boosts the formation of collagen tissues that promotes hair growth. Take 2 to 3 onions and grate them to extract the juice. Apply this juice on the scalp and leave it on for 30 minutes.

    • Some other effective hair masks 

    Banana , honey , olive oil

    Avacado,honey ,olive oil/almond oil

    Yogurt ,honey ,lemon juice 

    Some Homoeopathic mother tinctures  like Arnica ,jaborandi ,cantharis  added to olive oil or coconut oil can help in hair growth , prevents hairfall, dandruff ,premature greying and stimulates the scalp for hair growth .

    Some Homoeopathic medicines for hairfall are 

    1. Fluoricum Acidum

    It is considered excellent for hair loss, especially alopecia areata, where the patient loses hair from spots on the scalp. It is also adept at dealing with the resulting hair fall after a period of sickness, hair breakage, hair fall caused by syphilis, and hair gets tangled a lot. 

    It is popular for treating alopecia, it is also used to heal issues of the gastrointestinal tract, blood, nervous tissue, and bones.

    3. Calcarea Carbonica
    Calcarea Carbonica, is one of the best homeopathic medicines for hair regrowth. It is often prescribed to patients for whom hair loss is accompanied by intense itching and sweating of the scalp.
    . 4. Vinca Minor

    Vinca Minor is efficient in treating alopecia when it is accompanied by dandruff. It is also used to treat abnormal hair growth i.e. when the hair grows out like white wool.

    Hairfall due to dandruff 

    5- Psorinum

    Psorinum is the best treatment for hair loss that is caused due to dandruff. Dandruff is a common result of skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema. Psorinum tackles the root of the cause, reducing hair fall and dandruff at the same time.

    This is another medicine that efficiently deals with conditions of the skin such as rashes, lesions, and psoriasis. It tackles hair fall in people who have crusty scalps and infected scalps with pus. It is also ideal for encouraging hair growth.
    7-Kali Sulphuricum
    When the dandruff is yellow in color, Kali Sulphuricum is a good treatment to resort to. It promises great results and is often prescribed by homeopaths to patients who complain of dandruff and hair loss together.

    Pls. Note -–The treatment in Homoeopathy  is always based upon the constitution of the patient and the medicines vary for each patient, depending upon the particular symptoms. The remedies mentioned here should be taken only after consulting a homoeopath or health care professional .


    Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.It is a lung condition that can make your airways narrow, swell, and produce extra mucus, which causes breathing difficulties.some individuals may eventually grow out of asthma, while for others it is a life-long condition. Asthma can be a significant problem that interferes with daily life and may lead to an asthma attack, which can be life-threatening.

    Asthma often runs in families and people who have allergies – especially those under the age of 16 – are at a higher risk.

    In an asthma attack the muscles around your airways can become swollen and inflamed with increased mucus production resulting in one or more of the following symptoms: difficulty breathing, difficulty speaking, experiencing a wheeze, blue colour to the lips and feeling distressed

    The pathophysiology of asthma is complex and involves airway inflammation, intermittent airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Asthma is associated with mast cells, eosinophils, and T lymphocytes. Mast cells release chemicals like histamine which in turn causes nasal stuffiness and dripping in cold or hay fever, constriction of airway in asthma, and itching in skin allergy. These cells along with other inflammatory cells cause airway  inflammation , leading to airway hyper responsiveness and obstruction .

    Asthma can be classified  depending upon the cause 

    • Exercise-Induced Asthma

    Individuals who exercise for brief periods of time, on the order of 15 to 20 min, commonly develop airway obstruction after the cessation of exercise. Obstruction usually begins 5 to 10 min after the completion of exercise and resolves in 1 to 4 hrs.

    • Allergen-Induced Asthma

    It results from the direct effects of mediators released from inflammatory cells as a consequence of clustering of IgE receptors on the surface of effector cells (Psora). Common allergens inducing asthma are cat allergen (Fel D1), house dust mite allergen (der P1), and tree and grass pollens.

    • Virus-Induced Asthma

    Many individuals with a history of asthma will be relatively asymptomatic until they contract a viral illness, when asthma may occur without other known inciting stimuli.

    • Drug-Induced Asthma

    Approximately 1% to 10% of patients with moderate-to-severe asthma have aspirin-induced asthma, which consists of symptoms of moderately severe airway obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing, tearing, dermal changes, and, in some patients, GI changes (cramping, nausea, or vomiting).Beta blocker medications such as propranolol can trigger asthma in those who are susceptible.

    Cardioselective beta-blockers, however, appear safe in those with mild or moderate disease. Other medications that can cause problems in asthmatics are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, aspirin, and NSAIDs.

    • Acute Severe Asthma

    Acute severe asthma is a more severe and prolonged version of an acute asthmatic episode.

    • Chronic Stable Asthma

    Chronic stable asthma is the name given to the syndrome characterized by episodes of asthmatic symptoms and airflow obstruction that recur.

    • A triad of atopic eczema, allergic rhinitis and asthma is called atopy. The strongest risk factor for developing asthma is a history of atopic disease;with asthma occurring at a much greater rate in those who have either eczema or hay fever.Individuals with certain types of urticaria may also experience symptoms of asthma.

    Symptoms of asthma

    The symptoms of asthma, and how severe they are, can vary from person to person. You may find that you’re more likely to have symptoms at particular times throughout the day. Asthma symptoms include:

    Respiratory distress 

    coughing − especially at night

    wheezing − especially in the morning

    finding it difficult to breathe

    tightness in your chest

    Thick mucus

    You may find that your symptoms flare up and then calm down again. They may also have specific triggers such as being around certain types of animal (for example cats or dogs) or pollen. When your symptoms flare up suddenly, this is called an ‘asthma attack’.

    What Precautions to be taken for Asthma?

    • Reduce the exposure of dust, pollen, pets etc, as these factors will trigger the asthma
    • Use face mask while cleaning or in coming contact with dust or smoke
    • Quit smoking as it will make the condition more worse
    • Eat more of antioxidant rich food like , prunes, raisins, onion, strawberries, cherries, amla as they will help in building immunity & prevent body from infections
    • A regular practice of yoga helps to gain control over the symptoms naturally without the use of drugs.

    Conventional treatment

    In terms of conventional treatment, the medication available can offer reasonable control of symptoms. Bronchodilator inhalers (available on prescription) such as Salbutamol (Ventolin) and Bricanyl (Terbutaline) are designed to act on the muscles of the airways and help the air flow through. You could think of the airways as tunnels, which narrow down when there is asthma. The bronchodilators are the workmen which widen the tunnel allowing greater flow of air (the traffic).
     There are also steroid inhalers such as Becotide (Beclomethasone) and Pulmicort (Budesonide) which you could imagine to be the workmen who do the maintenance work in the tunnel preventing the build up of debris or do things which keep the tunnel nice and wide – they act by reducing the inflammation .

    Sometimes people do not like the thought of taking these drugs and of the side effects that can occur. The side effects of Salbutamol are generally mild and steroids used short term rarely cause problems but the long term use of steroids even if inhaled may lead to potential problems if large doses are used.

    Certain food helps in easing out the symptoms of asthma 

    • Fresh fruit and vegetables improve asthma. Study after study shows that diets low in fruit and vegetables increase the risk and severity of asthma so remember; always eat at least seven serves of fresh fruit and vegetable a day.

    • Tomatoes contain large amounts of lycopene, an antioxidant that reduces asthma symptoms when eaten regularly. Lycopene is concentrated in sauces and cooked tomatoes with raw tomato providing smaller amounts.

    • Raw honey contains bee pollen and propolis, both of which have anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, and expectorant properties – plus it improves immune system recovery. An open jar of raw honey placed under the nose of someone suffering an asthma attack can help them breathe more easily. As a preventative measure a teaspoon of raw honey can be either eaten or mixed in a glass of warm water and taken three times a day.

    • Garlic is a well known natural antibiotic. It contains a mixture of compounds that have antibacterial and antifungal effects. It also reduces lung inflammation that accompanies asthma. It was once thought that garlic had to be eaten raw to obtain these benefits, but it is now known that cooked garlic works just as well.

    • Ginger can break up the mucus that builds in the lungs and contributes to asthma – but it must be fresh. Make a ginger tea by combining two cups of boiling water with two tablespoons of shredded ginger Drink a cup of the tea once every two hours when asthma is a problem.

    • Turmeric, among other things, is a natural anti-inflammatory that helps asthma and eczema. For best results drink one teaspoon of turmeric mixed into juice three times a day on an empty stomach.

    • Peppermint can soothe the airways and break up mucous. Add a few drops into a bowl of steaming water and inhale. being careful not to burn yourself. Note: peppermint is a well known antidote of many homoeopathic remedies: avoid this tip if you are already using homoeopathy.

    • Caraway or fennel seeds can also break up mucous. Add caraway seeds to a bowl of hot water and use as a steam inhalation. Fennel seeds can be chewed or eaten raw.

    • Fish and fish oils rich in omega 3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and improve allergies such as asthma, especially if the ratio to omega 6 fatty acids has been unbalanced by a diet heavy with foods such red meat, pork, dairy products and polyunsaturated oils.

    Homoeopathic approach 

    Homeopathy is a branch of alternative medicine and one of the most effective ways to treat asthma .Homeopathy recognizes disease as a holistic disturbance and believes in totality and an individualistic approach where physical symptoms manifested in the body correlate to one’s mental and emotional state.

     Unlike conventional medicine, homeopathy does not merely offer a palliative or symptomatic relief for asthma, but aims to permanently cure and rid the body of the disease.

    Asthma like any other condition can be treated with homeopathy at various levels. The ideal would be to find the treatment, which reflects the Similimum of the case (or as near to the Similimum as possible). By Similimum, I mean the remedy that best matches the person not just in terms of his symptoms but also in terms of his psyche and the way that he relates to other people and to life generally. Thus individualising the patient would offer a deeper prospect of healing. However finding the Similimum may not always be possible and there are many remedies which may be given for the symptoms of asthma. There are also remedies that can be given for the causes of allergic asthma (homeopathic preparations of house dust mite, grasses and pollens etc). 

    Homoeopathic  remedies for acute asthma with few indications:

    • Antimonium tart: Great rattling in chest, with shortness of breath. Drowsiness. Asthma in elderly and children with difficulty to expectorate. The patient must sit up, with sensation as if not able to get enough air into the lungs.

    • Arsenic alb: Asthma is worse from lying down with fear of suffocation and extreme restlessness. Attacks of asthma are worse during and after midnight. There are burning pains which is relieved by heat.

    • Blatta orientalis: It is specific for asthma when the causative factor or triggers of asthma are lacking. Asthma with bronchitis and much pus-like mucus. During attack low potencies and mother tincture acts better.

    • Carbo veg: Coldness of breath. Desperate cases of asthma with blue and cold skin. Air hunger with desire to be fanned rapidly. Better by eructations, worse from sitting or lying down. Weakness in chest as if could not get enough breath. Asthma reflex from accumulation of flatus in abdomen.

    • Cuprum metallicum: Spasmodic asthma, constriction in throat, face gets blue and convulsions thereafter. Asthma brought on from mental emotions.

    • Dulcamara: Humid asthma from a cold, worse during cold wet weather.

    • Ipecac: Loses breath with cough. Difficult expiration. Cough is rattling and asthmatic. The patient gags when he coughs. Chest seems full of phlegm but does not yield to coughing.

    • Kali carb: Asthma awakening the patient at night, especially worse in the morning 3-4 am. Asthma better from rocking. The only comfort the patient finds is by leaning forward with his elbows resting upon chair. There is rattling in chest with rattling cough worse in rainy weather  

    • Pulsatilla: Dyspnea worse night, evening, after dinner, lying on back. Respiration difficult worse from walking rapidly. Asthma after suppressed eruptions, from suppressed menses. This remedy is especially indicated in females of a mild, timid, sensitive or fretful disposition.

    • Sambucus: Suffocative cough, coming at about midnight. Respiration obstructed when lying down. Asthma with suffocative attacks, maybe well when awake but sleeps into trouble. Snuffles in babies cannot breathe through nose.

    • Spongia: Dryness of all air passages. Dry, barking, asthmatic cough. Respiration short, panting. Cough better by eating and drinking especially warm drinks. Asthmatic cough worse from cold air, lying with head low.

    Initially homeopathic treatment may be used alongside conventional treatment but eventually we wish for a reduction in inhaler use and hopefully we can wean the patient off them provided that homeopathy gives a result as good or better than that obtained with inhalers.

    If someone has asthma and they are already on conventional medicine ,It is  strongly recommended  that they do not stop their medication or alter it without  consulting  with a doctor. Stopping medication can result in a flaring up of the asthma and this may be confused with a homeopathic aggravation, or worse, it could potentialy be very serious.

    Asthma is a condition for which I would highly recommend professional treatment .I strongly urge not to indulge in self medication .

    Pls note -The treatment for these conditions is always based upon the constitution of the patient and the medicines vary for each patient, depending upon the particular symptoms. The remedies mentioned here should be taken only after consulting a homoeopath or health care professional .