In my previous blog we discussed about Hyperthyroidism .Today we will talk about Hypothyroidism .
Where Hyperthyroidism is overproduction of Thyroid harmones,Hypothyroidism is a condition due to underproduction of Thyroid harmones.
Let’s discuss about Hypothyroidism .
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid harmone .
Since the main purpose of Thyroid harmone is to run the body’s metabolism , The people with this condition will have symptoms associated with slow metabolism .
Hypothyroidism is more common than you would believe . There are millions of people who are hypothyroid and are unaware of it.
Women are much more likely to develop hypothyroidism as compared to men. The disease is also more common among people older than age 60 or more .
There are fairly two common causes of hypothyroidism .
- A large goitre
- Thyroid nodules ,which are non cancerous tumors or lumps in the thyroid that can produce too much thyroid harmone .
- Thyroid cancer
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Slow pulse rate
- Enlarged thyroid gland (Goitre)
- Coarse ,dry ,thin hair
- Dry ,rough ,pale skin
- Hair loss
- Cold intolerance
- Muscle cramps and aches
- Memory loss
- Abnormal mentrual cycles
- Decreased libido
- Yellowishness of skin and conjunctiva (white) of eyes.(jaundice)
- A large protruding tongue
- Difficulty in breathing
- Hoarse crying
- Umbilical hernia
- Poor muscle tone
- Excessive sleepiness
- Poor growth resulting in short stature
- Delayed dentition
- Delayed puberty
- Poor mental development .
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low level of thyroxine and high level of TSH indicate an underactive thyroid. That’s because your pituitary produces more TSH in an effort to stimulate your thyroid gland into producing more thyroid hormone.
TSH tests are used to help diagnose a condition called subclinical hypothyroidism, which usually causes no outward signs or symptoms. In this condition, you have normal blood levels of triiodothyronine and thyroxine, but higher than normal levels of TSH.
- Eggs-Whole eggs are best, as much of the iodine and selenium are found in the yolk, while the whites are full of protein.
- Meat –All meats, including lamb, beef, chicken, etc.
- Fish -All seafood, including salmon, tuna, halibut, shrimp, etc.
- Vegetables –All vegetables are fine to eat. Cruciferous vegetables are fine to eat in moderate amounts, especially when cooked.
- Fruits –All other fruits including berries, bananas, oranges, tomatoes, etc.
- Gluten-free grains and seeds – Rice, buckwheat, quinoa, chia seeds and flaxseed.
- Dairy-All dairy products including milk, cheese, yogurt, etc.
- Beverages –Water and other non-caffeinated beverages
Fortunately, there aren’t many foods that you need to avoid if you have hypothyroidism.
You should also avoid eating highly processed foods, as they usually contain more calories.Foods that should be completely avoided are
Millets,Highly processed foods , Selenium and iodine supplements should be avoided unless prescribed by your doctor.
Here is a list of foods you can eat in moderation. These foods have goitrogens or are known irritants if consumed in large amounts.
- Food that contain gluten- Bread, pasta, cereals, beer, etc.
- Soy food-Tofu, edamame beans, soy milk, etc.
- Cruceferous vegetables –Broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc.
- Certain fruits –Peaches, pears and strawberries.
- Certain beverages –Coffee, green tea and alcohol — these beverages may irritate your thyroid gland .
If you have celiac disease because of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or feel uncomfortable eating foods that contain gluten, then you should avoid gluten completely.
Standard treatment for hypothyroidism involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid
hormone levothyroxine (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Treatment with levothyroxine will likely be lifelong, but because the dosage you need may change, your doctor is likely to check your TSH level every year.
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