In my previous blog we discussed about Hyperthyroidism .Today we will talk about Hypothyroidism .

Where Hyperthyroidism is overproduction of Thyroid harmones,Hypothyroidism is a condition due to underproduction of Thyroid harmones.

Let’s discuss about Hypothyroidism .

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid harmone .

Since the main purpose of Thyroid harmone is to run the body’s metabolism , The people with this condition will have symptoms associated with slow metabolism .

Hypothyroidism is more common than you would believe . There are millions of people who are hypothyroid and are unaware of it.

Women are much more likely to develop hypothyroidism as compared to men. The disease is also more common among people older than age 60 or more .


There are fairly two common causes of hypothyroidism . 

  • The first is a result of previous (or ongoing ) inflammation of the thyroid gland which damages a large percentage of the cells of thyroid gland and leaves it incapable of producing sufficient thyroid harmone .
  • The most common cause of thyroid gland failure is called Autoimmune Thyroiditis .which is also called as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis .
  • Hashimoto ‘s Thyroiditis is a form of thyroid inflammation caused by the patient’s own immune system .It is an autoimmune disorder. With this disease,your immune system attacks the thyroid.The thyroid becomes inflamed and can’t make enough Thyroid harmones .
  • The second major cause is the broad category of medical treatments.The treatment of many thyroid conditions warrants surgical removal of a portion or all of the thyroid gland . 
  • When a part of Thyroid is surgically removed, the remaining part may produce normal amounts of thyroid harmone , but some patients who have underwent this surgery develop hypothyroidism .Removal of entire gland always results in hypothyroidism . 
  • Thyroidectomy which is removal of part or whole thyroid gland is done as a treatment for hyperthyroidism.
  • Throidectomy is done as a treatment of
    • Hyperthyroidism 
      A large goitre
      Thyroid nodules ,which are non cancerous tumors or lumps in the thyroid that can produce too much thyroid harmone .
      Thyroid cancer
  • Signs and symptoms 
  • General signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism are 
    • Fatigue 
      Weight gain or difficulty losing weight 
      Slow pulse rate 
      Enlarged thyroid gland (Goitre) 
      Coarse ,dry ,thin hair 
      Dry ,rough ,pale skin 
      Hair loss 
      Cold intolerance 
      Muscle cramps and aches 
      Memory loss
      Abnormal mentrual cycles
      Decreased libido
  • Congenital Hypothyroidism 
  • Some babies are born with a thyroid that is not fully developed or does not function properly .If untreated congenital hypothyroidism can lead to intellectual disability and growth failure .Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary to prevent these problems. 
  • Hypothyroidism in infants 
  • Although middle aged and older women are more after affected by hypothyroidism ,anyone can develop the condition ,including infants .
  • When new borns do have hypothyroidisms ,the signs and symptoms include 
    • Yellowishness of skin and conjunctiva (white) of eyes.(jaundice)
      A large protruding tongue 
      Difficulty in breathing 
      Hoarse crying 
      Umbilical hernia 
      Poor muscle tone 
      Excessive sleepiness 
  • As the disease progresses the ,infants are likely to have trouble feeding and may fail to grow and develop normally. 
  • When hypothyroidism in infants is not treated ,even mild cases may lead to severe physical and mental retardation. 
  • Hypothyroidism in children and Teens 
  • In general children and teens ,who develop hypothyroidism ,have same signs and symptoms as adults but they may also experience 
    • Poor growth resulting in short stature 
      Delayed dentition 
      Delayed puberty 
      Poor mental development . 
  • Hypothyroidism during pregnancy
  • Untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy can affect both mother and the baby . However thyroid medicine can help prevent problems and are safe to take during pregnancy .
  • Diagnosis 

    Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low level of thyroxine and high level of TSH indicate an underactive thyroid. That’s because your pituitary produces more TSH in an effort to stimulate your thyroid gland into producing more thyroid hormone.

    Thyroid disorder are diagnosed much earlier even before you develop symptoms is by TSH test . Because the TSH test is the best screening test. TSH tests also play an important role in managing hypothyroidism.

    TSH tests are used to help diagnose a condition called subclinical hypothyroidism, which usually causes no outward signs or symptoms. In this condition, you have normal blood levels of triiodothyronine and thyroxine, but higher than normal levels of TSH.

  • Foods to eat
  • There are plenty of food options for people with hypothyroidism, including the following:
    • Eggs-Whole eggs are best, as much of the iodine and selenium are found in the yolk, while the whites are full of protein.
    • Meat –All meats, including lamb, beef, chicken, etc.
      Fish -All seafood, including salmon, tuna, halibut, shrimp, etc.
    • Vegetables –All vegetables are fine to eat. Cruciferous vegetables are fine to eat in moderate amounts, especially when cooked.
    • Fruits –All other fruits including berries, bananas, oranges, tomatoes, etc.
    • Gluten-free grains and seeds – Rice, buckwheat, quinoa, chia seeds and flaxseed.
    • Dairy-All dairy products including milk, cheese, yogurt, etc.
    • Beverages –Water and other non-caffeinated beverages 
  • Foods to Avoid
  • Fortunately, there aren’t many foods that you need to avoid if you have hypothyroidism.

    You should also avoid eating highly processed foods, as they usually contain more calories.Foods that should be completely avoided are 

    Millets,Highly processed foods ,  Selenium and iodine supplements should be avoided unless prescribed by your doctor.

    Here is a list of foods you can eat in moderation. These foods have goitrogens or are known irritants if consumed in large amounts.

    • Food that contain gluten- Bread, pasta, cereals, beer, etc.
    • Soy food-Tofu, edamame beans, soy milk, etc. 
    • Cruceferous vegetables –Broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc.
    • Certain fruits –Peaches, pears and strawberries.
    • Certain beverages –Coffee, green tea and alcohol — these beverages may irritate your thyroid gland . 

    If you have celiac disease because of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or feel uncomfortable eating foods that contain gluten, then you should avoid gluten completely.


    Standard treatment for hypothyroidism involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid 

    hormone levothyroxine (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism.

    Treatment with levothyroxine will likely be lifelong, but because the dosage you need may change, your doctor is likely to check your TSH level every year.

    Homeopathic Treatment 

    Homeopathic remedies when rightly selected after detailed history and evaluation can try and stimulate your thyroid gland to start producing adequate hormones. This process has to be done by a experienced homeopath in consent with the treating physician so that the thyroxin dose can be reduced gradually and then completely stopped.

    Some of the Homeopathic medicines for hypothyroidism are 

    • Calcarea Carbonica
    • Sepia Officinalis
    • Lycopodium Clavatum
    • Graphites
    • Nux Vomica
    • Iodum treats hypothyroidism. The person is emaciated
    • Thymusinum – treatment of stunted conditions in children
    • Bromum treats goiter
    • Lapis albus treats hyperthyroidism and goiter
    • Natrum muriaticum treats an under active gland
  • Pls note – The treatments and medicines mentioned above should be taken only after consulting registered medical practitioner or health care provider . Self medication may aggravate or worsen the condition .
  • For consultation and queries contact us at 


    Author: minal03

    Homoeopathic Doctor ,an artist, Food blogger

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